Green hydrogen—hydrogen produced with renewable energy resources—could provide developing countries with a zero-carbon energy carrier to support national sustainable energy objectives, and it needs further consideration by policy makers and investors. Developing countries with good renewable energy resources could produce green hydrogen locally, generating economic opportunities, and increasing energy security by reducing exposure to oil price volatility and supply disruptions.
Support from development finance institutions and concessional funds could play an important role in deploying first-of-a-kind green hydrogen projects, accelerating the uptake of green hydrogen in developing countries, and increasing capacity and creating the necessary policy and regulatory enabling environment.
This report seeks to advance the understanding of opportunities and challenges of green hydrogen in developing countries by describing examples of green hydrogen pilot applications that have already been deployed in developing countries, bringing to light potential use cases and strategic value, highlighting also technology risks and implementation challenges.
De Sisternes Jimenez, Fernando Jose; Jackson, Christopher Paul. 2020.
Green Hydrogen in Developing Countries (English). Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/953571597951239276/Green-Hydrogen-in-Developing-Countries