Energy affects women and men differently, as each group has distinct roles and responsibilities in their households, markets, and communities. Women and girls often spend more time collecting wood and other fuel to cook for their families. Smoke inhalation from cooking over open fire affects women and children disproportionately. In rural areas, many women engage in informal, energy-related economic activities and those working in more formal energy sectors face challenges with accessing financing and energy services, growth in technical and leadership positions, and they are left out of decision-making processes regarding energy policies. This results in a missed opportunity for them, their families, and their communities.