Electric mobility is fundamentally changing the traditional interaction between technology, market dynamics, production capacity, government policy, supply chains, manufacturing, and complex political economy. Like many disruptive transitions, there are both opportunities and challenges. These go beyond emissions reduction and include factors such as automotive industry supply chains, jobs, market structures, trade relations between countries, electricity networks, the roles of incumbent firms, and the introduction of new competitors. Investing in technologies, modernizing power grids to accommodate more renewable energy, and putting in place the right policies are critical to scale up the uptake of eMobility.
This document is a collaboration between the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), the World Bank Transport Global Practice, and the International Association of Public Transport (UITP) to assemble evidence, viewpoints, and analysis on electric mobility programs. The objective is to contribute towards helping governments design and implement electric mobility programs that are effective at achieving their intended development aims across climate, economic, fiscal, technical, institutional, and policy dimensions.
This work was led by Dominic Patella (Sr. Transport Specialist, World Bank), Artur Perchel (Manager Central Eastern Europe & Israel, International Association of Public Transport), and Ivan Jaques (Sr. Energy Specialist, World Bank). The research and writing team included: Jamie Lee-Brown, Meredith Baker, Oliver Joy, Ciara Amato, Roland Steinmetz, Roos Van der Ploeg, Evy Breen, Zita Koks, Bernard Aritua, Yi Yang, Huijing Deng, Edward Andrew Beukes, Li Qu, Alejandro Hoyos Guerrero, Philip Turner, Haifeng Fang and Almir Damasceno. The team is grateful for the comments provided by Nupur Gupta, Demetrios Papathanasiou, Kwawu Mensan Gaba, Umberto Guida, Arno Kerkhof, Dionisio Gonzalez, Vivien Foster and Bianca Bianchi Alves.