PUBLISHEDAugust 17 2017
Proven Delivery Models for LED Public Lighting | Synthesis of Six Case Studies

Most public lighting is concentrated in cities, where it can constitute up to 65 percent of municipal electricity budgets. Compared to alternative forms of public lighting, LED luminaries consume less electricity, have longer life cycles, and provide better quality lighting. Despite the benefits, many municipalities are unsure of how to implement an LED lighting program.


This synthesis report summarizes the cross-cutting findings from the six case studies which document real-life experiences, challenges, and solutions encountered in implementing different LED lighting delivery models—ESCO, super-ESCO, joint procurement, public-private partnership, lease-to-own, and municipal financing. Crosscutting findings include various key roles played by governments, ranging from setting policies that support LED lighting programs to establishing an ESCO with a mandate to implement energy efficient programs while transforming the market.


The report also highlights distinct ways used to mitigate technical, financial, and performance risks by the cities. These span from requiring third-party product test results to completely outsourcing the lighting infrastructure and procuring lighting as a service. It also highlights the importance of strategically engaging stakeholders—such as international partners, local utilities, non-profit groups, to name but a few—as the program advances.


Download Report


Download Case Studies:


1. ESCO Delivery Model in Central and Northwestern India: Asian Electronics, Limited

Click image to download Case Study #1: ESCO Delivery Model

2. Super-ESCO Delivery Model in Vizag, India: Energy Efficiency Services, Limited

Click image to download Case Study #2
3. Joint Procurement Delivery Model in Ontario, Canada 4. Public-Private Partnership Delivery Model in Birmingham, United Kingdom

5. Lease-to-Own Delivery Model in Guadalajara, Mexico




6. Municipal Financing Delivery Model in Quezon City, Philippines



ESMAP | Energy Efficient Cities | Achievements | PublicationsNews | Blogs | Lighting Transformation Initiative



ESMAP (Energy Sector Management Assistance Program). 2016. Proven Delivery Models for LED Public Lighting: Synthesis of Six Case Studies. ESMAP Knowledge Series 026/16. Washington, DC: World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.

Users also downloaded
This report outlines the results and key findings of an energy efficiency (EE) study - "Energy Efficiency Transformation in Astana and Almaty" - conducted by the World Bank between November 2016 and…
November 01, 2017
This report represents part of a study "Energy Efficiency Transformation in Astana and Almaty," which was financed by the World Bank's Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) - a multi-…
November 01, 2017
The main message of this book is that there is considerable scope for improving the efficiency of electricity subsidies in Central America by better targeting them to low-income households.
October 12, 2017
The first study Utility Scale DSM Opportunities and Business Models in India explores how DSM interventions can potentially help in managing electricity shortfall, optimizing power procurement costs…
January 01, 2016