Citizens of Gaza typically have 12 hours of power per day, at best. During periods of political disagreement or military conflict, this is reduced even more to as little as 2 hours per day. Hospitals, schools, and other critical facilities are struggling to function. The World Bank study Securing Energy for Development in West Bank Gaza examines the different alternatives, including solar energy, that could offer a reliable power supply to Gaza. The study was supported by the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP).